Lesson 3: Pitch Names
Lesson 3: Pitch NamesYou learned how the low-to-high sequence of pitches is organized on the piano keyboard in Lesson 2: Pitch & Keyboard; now it's time to learn the pitches' names.
The white-key pitches are named after the 7 letters A, B, C, D, E, F, and G. Let's start with letter A. Here's a section of keyboard with the A's labeled:
Here are some things you should understand about the keyboard above:
Several pitches share each letter-name. There are three A's in just this short section of keyboard; on a whole piano, there are eight A's.
Why do different pitches share a letter? There is a complex scientific answer, but a simple musical answer is that they sound like higher or lower versions of the same pitch. To understand this, you should hear it. Try this:
You can find any A (or any other letter) from its place in the pattern of black keys. Do this to find any A:
Next, let's add the B's to the keyboard:
Here are a couple of things to notice about this A-B keyboard:
There are two ways to find any B:
Hear how A's and B's sound different:
Finally, here's our keyboard section with all the letters labeled:
By looking at this keyboard, we can come up with a "black-key position rule" to find any letter:
Study the pattern of letters and black keys above; then go on to Lesson 4: Letters Game and play the letters game until it's easy for you.