15: Chords: Major Triads
Lesson 15: Chords: Major TriadsA chord is a collection of several pitches, usually (but not always) played together at the same time. Pop music usually has several notes playing at the same time, and chords are how we understand and talk about these at-the-same-time notes.
You need to know the major scale degrees 1-5, which we covered in Lesson 13: Major Scale
There are many different chord types, so let's start with the most basic chord type: the major triad. The major triad is a 3-note chord, and the 3 notes are just degrees 1, 3, and 5 of a major scale.
The 3 notes in a major triad are called the root, the 3rd, and the 5th of the chord:
Here are some examples of the notes in some major triads. Use your knowledge of the scale degrees to be sure you understand why these chords contain these particular notes:
B♭ major triad
B major triad
D major triad
Nicknames. Since the major triad is so common, it has some nicknames. For example, the B♭ major triad may just be called:
For reference, these are the notes in the common major triads:
When you're sure you understand this lesson, go on to Lesson 16: Major Triad Games to practice and test yourself.